Английский язык. Контрольная работа № 2 . Вариант 1
Дата сдачи: Январь 2017
1. Выберите наиболее подходящее слово из правой колонки для предложений из левой колонки. Письменно переведите предложения на русский язык.
2.Прочитайте текст и письменно переведите его на русский язык.
The Role of the Customs
For centuries, the customs role has been one of a “gatekeeper”, with customs authorities representing a barrier through which international trade must pass, in an effort to protect the interests of a nation. The face of Customs has changed. Besides collecting taxes and duties on the border, it now performs many other important tasks. Customs is an authority or agency (administration) in a country responsible for controlling the flow of people, animals and goods, in and out of the country. Depending on local legislation, exporting or importing of some goods may be restricted or forbidden, and the customs agency is enforcing these laws. The сustoms agency monitors people leaving and entering the country, checking for appropriate documentation. It is also responsible for protection of cultural heritage and enforcement of intellectual property laws, and fulfils the functions on behalf of other government authorities in such areas as health, agriculture, environment, trade statistics, and immigration. The responsibilities of customs administrations can vary from country to country. A general idea of a government’s view of the role of its customs authority can be understood from the manner in which administrative responsibilities are structured. Thus, where border protection is the main concern, customs administrations join forces with other agencies that have a border management focus. In many developing and least developed countries, import duties and taxes represent a significant proportion of the national revenue. Because of this, the main focus for their customs authorities is revenue collection. In developed countries, on the other hand, with relatively little reliance on imports as a source of government revenue, there is an increasing focus on border protection. However, the current trend towards global free trade and the recent heightening of international terrorism concerns have made border security a priority across all Customs.