Английский язык (ИВЭСП)
Дата сдачи: Апрель 2011
Работа состоит из 4 страниц.
1. Перепишите следующие предложения: подчеркните в каждом из них глагол-сказуемое и определите его видовременную форму и залог. Переведите предложения на русский язык. В разделе б) обратите внимание на перевод пассивных конструкций.
а) 1. They often publish information on economic crimes.
2. I have never been to any court, criminal or civil.
3. They signed the contract only yesterday.
b) 1. Judicial corporal punishment was abolished in England in 1948.
2. The federal courts are organized in three tiers, like a pyramid.
3. The Prime Minister will be advised by a Cabinet of about twenty other ministers.
2. Перепишите следующие предложения; подчеркните в каждом из них модальный глагол или его эквивалент. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. Only barristers can become judges in an English court above a Magistrates’ Court.
2. A solicitor is a lawyer who gives legal advice to his or her client and may sometimes represent them in court.
3. Anyone who wants to own a gun must get firearm certificate from the police.
4. The defense does not have to prove their innocence.
5. Cherlock Holmes was able to tell every thing about every murder of the last hundred years.
3. Прочитайте и устно переведите текст. Перепишите и письменно переведите 3-й абзац текста.
WHO RULES BRITAIN?
The British state is a capitalist state. Its constitutional system is one which has developed over years as an expression of the rule of capitalism and for the protection of its social order. Economic power being firmly in the hands of the capitalist trusts by virtue of¹ their ownership of the factories, lands and wealth, the entire constitutional and state apparatus remains firmly in their hands too whatever goverment rules.
The power of the monopolists over the Parliamentary government is achieved in three main ways: by direct representation in Parliament by business men and by politicians supporting business men; by direct influence over the Cabinet, the supreme organ of British Government which controls Parliament; and by initiation, control, and amendment of legistation they are interested in. This control by monopoly capital makes constitutional theory and writing² regarding Parliament practically meaningless.
The bodies of government in the United Kingdom³ are: (1) those of the legistrature, which consists of the Queen in Parliament and is the supreme authority of the country; (2) Those of the executive, which consists of (a) the Cabinet and other ministers of the Crown, who are responsible for initiating and directing national policy; (b) Government departments, most of them under the control of ministers, and all staffed by civil servants, who are responsible for administration of the national level; (c) local authorities, who administration of the national level; (c) local authorities, who administer and control many services at the local level; (d) statutory boards, which are responsible for the operation of particular nationalized industries or public services; (3) those of the judiciary, which determine common law and interpret statutes.